The Perturbation

Most patients believe they have “injured” themselves when they develop pain and that when they have an absence of pain, the condition that was “injured” has “healed”. This model does not fit the data we have seen from the advanced imaging of patients who have an absence of pain. We have learned from MRI of our musculoskeletal system that key … Read More

Concussion and the cervical spine

This diagram show the regions of the neck and shoulder girdle that are painful when a facet or zygapophyseal joint (z joint) is perturbed. The exact pathology generating the pain is unknown. In the late 1990’s, I encountered the work of Professor Nikolai Bogduk, a professor from Australia. Dr. Bogduk pioneered work in the treatment of whiplash. He documented that … Read More